Cambridge University EPIC-Norfolk
   
  EPIC-Norfolk: Publications
(with selected papers relating to the international EPIC study)
 

Notes

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The button links to a full text version of a paper, if one is available. All of the full text links will work if you have a cam.ac.uk IP address, but some may not work from other institutions. Some of the full text versions are in Adobe Acrobat format.

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RPG Hayhoe, MAH Lentjes, AA Mulligan, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2018) Cross-sectional associations of dietary and circulating magnesium with skeletal muscle mass in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. Clin Nutr ():.

CE Aubert, C Floriani, DC Bauer, BR da Costa, D Segna, MR Blum, T Collet, HA Fink, AR Cappola, L Syrogiannouli, RP Peeters, BO AAsvold, WPJ den Elzen, RN Luben, AP Bremner, A Gogakos, R Eastell, PM Kearney, M Hoff, E Le Blanc, G Ceresini, F Rivadeneira, AG Uitterlinden, K Khaw, A Langhammer, DJ Stott, RGJ Westendorp, L Ferrucci, GR Williams, J Gussekloo, JP Walsh, D Aujesky, N Rodondi, T, Collaboration. (2017) Thyroid Function Tests in the Reference Range and Fracture: Individual Participant Analysis of Prospective Cohorts. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 102 (8):2719-2728.

RPG Hayhoe, MAH Lentjes, AA Mulligan, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2017) Carotenoid dietary intakes and plasma concentrations are associated with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort. Br J Nutr 117 (10):1439-1453.

SM Willems, DJ Wright, FR Day, K Trajanoska, PK Joshi, JA Morris, Amy Matteini, FC Garton, N Grarup, N Oskolkov, A Thalamuthu, M Mangino, Jun Liu, A Demirkan, M Lek, L Xu, G Wang, C Oldmeadow, KJ Gaulton, LA Lotta, Eri Miyamoto-Mikami, MA Rivas, Tom White, P Loh, M Aadahl, N Amin, JR Attia, K Austin, B Benyamin, S Brage, Y Cheng, P Cikeszczyk, Wim Derave, K Eriksson, Nir Eynon, A Linneberg, A Lucia, M Massidda, BD Mitchell, M Miyachi, H Murakami, S Padmanabhan, A Pandey, I Papadimitriou, DK Rajpal, C Sale, TM Schnurr, F Sessa, N Shrine, MD Tobin, Ian Varley, LV Wain, NR Wray, CM Lindgren, DG MacArthur, DM Waterworth, MI McCarthy, O Pedersen, K Khaw, DP Kiel, A,GEFOS Consortium, Y Pitsiladis, N Fuku, PW Franks, KN North, CM van Duijn, KA Mather, T Hansen, Ola Hansson, Tim Spector, JM Murabito, BJ Richards, F Rivadeneira, C Langenberg, JRB Perry, NJ Wareham, RA Scott. (2017) Large-scale GWAS identifies multiple loci for hand grip strength providing biological insights into muscular fitness. Nat Commun 8 ():16015.

RPG Hayhoe, MAH Lentjes, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2016) Reply to W Lin and R Wang. Am J Clin Nutr 103 (1):290-291.

C Julian, MAH Lentjes, I Huybrechts, R Luben, N Wareham, LA Moreno, K Khaw. (2016) Fracture Risk in Relation to Serum 25\mbox{-}{H}ydroxyvitamin D and Physical Activity: Results from the EPIC-Norfolk Cohort Study. PloS one 11 ():e0164160.

W Lin, Ru Wang. (2016) Calcium status may modify the association of magnesium and potassium intake with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 103 (1):290.

R Scragg, D Waayer, AW Stewart, CMM Lawes, Les Toop, J Murphy, K Khaw, Jr Camargo. (2015) The Vitamin DAssessment (ViDA) Study: design of a randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, acute respiratory infection, falls and non-vertebral fractures. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ():.

H Zheng, V Forgetta, Y Hsu, K Estrada, A Rosello-Diez, PJ Leo, CL Dahia, K Park-Min, JH Tobias, C Kooperberg, A Kleinman, U Styrkarsdottir, C Liu, C Uggla, DS Evans, CM Nielson, K Walter, U Pettersson-Kymmer, S McCarthy, J Eriksson, T Kwan, M Jhamai, K Trajanoska, Y Memari, J Min, Jie Huang, P Danecek, B Wilmot, Rui Li, W Chou, LE Mokry, A Moayyeri, M Claussnitzer, C Cheng, W Cheung, C Medina-Gomez, B Ge, S Chen, K Choi, L Oei, J Fraser, R Kraaij, MA Hibbs, CL Gregson, D Paquette, A Hofman, C Wibom, GJ Tranah, M Marshall, BB Gardiner, K Cremin, P Auer, Li Hsu, Sue Ring, JY Tung, G Thorleifsson, AW Enneman, NM van Schoor, LCPGM de Groot, N van der Velde, B Melin, JP Kemp, C Christiansen, A Sayers, Y Zhou, S Calderari, J van Rooij, C Carlson, U Peters, S Berlivet, J Dostie, AG Uitterlinden, SR Williams, C Farber, D Grinberg, AZ LaCroix, J Haessler, DI Chasman, F Giulianini, LM Rose, PM Ridker, JA Eisman, TV Nguyen, JR Center, X Nogues, N Garcia-Giralt, LL Launer, V Gudnason, Dan Mellstrom, L Vandenput, N Amin, CM van Duijn, MK Karlsson, O Ljunggren, O Svensson, G Hallmans, F Rousseau, S Giroux, J Bussiere, PP Arp, F Koromani, RL Prince, JR Lewis, BL Langdahl, PA Hermann, JB Jensen, S Kaptoge, K Khaw, J Reeve, MM Formosa, A Xuereb-Anastasi, K AAkesson, FE McGuigan, G Garg, JM Olmos, MT Zarrabeitia, JA Riancho, SH Ralston, N Alonso, Xi Jiang, D Goltzman, T Pastinen, E Grundberg, D Gauguier, ES Orwoll, D Karasik, G Davey-Smith, , Consortium, AV Smith, K Siggeirsdottir, TB Harris, CM Zillikens, JBJ van Meurs, U Thorsteinsdottir, MT Maurano, NJ Timpson, N Soranzo, R Durbin, SG Wilson, EE Ntzani, MA Brown, K Stefansson, DA Hinds, Tim Spector, AL Cupples, C Ohlsson, CMT Greenwood, KK Consortium, RD Jackson, DW Rowe, CA Loomis, DM Evans, CL Ackert-Bicknell, AL Joyner, EL Duncan, DP Kiel, F Rivadeneira, BJ Richards. (2015) Whole-genome sequencing identifies EN1~{as} a determinant of bone density and fracture. Nature ():.

MR Blum, DC Bauer, T Collet, HA Fink, AR Cappola, BR da Costa, CD Wirth, RP Peeters, BO AAsvold, WPJ den Elzen, RN Luben, M Imaizumi, AP Bremner, A Gogakos, R Eastell, PM Kearney, ES Strotmeyer, ER Wallace, M Hoff, G Ceresini, F Rivadeneira, AG Uitterlinden, DJ Stott, RGJ Westendorp, K Khaw, A Langhammer, L Ferrucci, J Gussekloo, GR Williams, JP Walsh, P Juni, D Aujesky, N Rodondi, T, Collaboration. (2015) Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and fracture risk: a meta-analysis. JAMA 313 (20):2055-2065.

H Finck, AR Hart, MAH Lentjes, Amy Jennings, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2015) Cross-sectional and prospective associations between dietary and plasma vitamin C, heel bone ultrasound, and fracture risk in men and women in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer in Norfolk cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 102 (6):1416-1424.

R Hayhoe, M Lentjes, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2015) Dietary magnesium and potassium intakes and circulating magnesium are associated with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 102 (2):376-384.

K Khaw, R Luben, N Wareham. (2015) Reply to WB Grant. Am J Clin Nutr 102 (1):230-231.

MAH Lentjes, AA Welch, AA Mulligan, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2014) Cod liver oil supplement consumption and health: cross-sectional results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Nutrients 6 (10):4320-4337.

A Moayyeri, Y Hsu, D Karasik, K Estrada, S Xiao, C Nielson, P Srikanth, S Giroux, SG Wilson, H Zheng, AV Smith, SR Pye, PJ Leo, A Teumer, J Hwang, C Ohlsson, F McGuigan, RL Minster, C Hayward, JM Olmos, L Lyytikainen, JR Lewis, KMA Swart, L Masi, C Oldmeadow, EG Holliday, S Cheng, NM van Schoor, NC Harvey, M Kruk, F del Greco, W Igl, O Trummer, Efi Grigoriou, R Luben, C Liu, Y Zhou, L Oei, C Medina-Gomez, J Zmuda, G Tranah, SJ Brown, FM Williams, N Soranzo, J Jakobsdottir, K Siggeirsdottir, KL Holliday, A Hannemann, M Go, M Garcia, O Polasek, M Laaksonen, Kun Zhu, AW Enneman, M McEvoy, R Peel, P Sham, M Jaworski, A Johansson, AA Hicks, P Pludowski, R Scott, RAM Dhonukshe-Rutten, N van der Velde, M Kahonen, JS Viikari, H Sievanen, OT Raitakari, J Gonzalez-Macias, JL Hernandez, Dan Mellstrom, O Ljunggren, Y Cho, Uwe Volker, M Nauck, G Homuth, H Volzke, R Haring, MA Brown, E McCloskey, GC Nicholson, R Eastell, JA Eisman, G Jones, Ian Reid, EM Dennison, J Wark, S Boonen, D Vanderschueren, FCW Wu, T Aspelund, BJ Richards, D Bauer, A Hofman, K Khaw, G Dedoussis, B Obermayer-Pietsch, Ulf Gyllensten, PP Pramstaller, RS Lorenc, C Cooper, A Kung, P Lips, M Alen, J Attia, M Brandi, LCPGM de Groot, T Lehtimaki, JA Riancho, H Campbell, Y Liu, TB Harris, K Akesson, M Karlsson, J Lee, H Wallaschofski, EL Duncan, TW ONeill, V Gudnason, TD Spector, F Rousseau, E Orwoll, SR Cummings, NJ Wareham, F Rivadeneira, AG Uitterlinden, RL Prince, DP Kiel, J Reeve, SK Kaptoge. (2014) Genetic determinants of heel bone properties: genome-wide association meta-analysis and replication in the GEFOS/GENOMOS consortium. Hum Mol Genet 23 (11):3054-3068.

P Myint, AB Clark, C Kwok, Y Loke, J Yeong, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2014) Bone Mineral Density and Incidence of Stroke: {Europe}an Prospective Investigation Into Cancer-Norfolk Population-Based Study, Systematic Review, and Meta-Analysis. Stroke ():.

L Oei, Y Hsu, U Styrkarsdottir, BH Eussen, A de Klein, MJ Peters, B Halldorsson, C Liu, N Alonso, SK Kaptoge, G Thorleifsson, G Hallmans, LJ Hocking, L Husted, KA Jameson, M Kruk, JR Lewis, MS Patel, S Scollen, O Svensson, S Trompet, NM van Schoor, Kun Zhu, BM Buckley, C Cooper, Ian Ford, D Goltzman, J Gonzalez-Macias, B Langdahl, WD Leslie, P Lips, RS Lorenc, JM Olmos, U Pettersson-Kymmer, DM Reid, JA Riancho, EP Slagboom, C Garcia-Ibarbia, T Ingvarsson, H Johannsdottir, R Luben, C Medina-Gomez, P Arp, K Nandakumar, S Palsson, G Sigurdsson, JBJ van Meurs, Y Zhou, A Hofman, WJ Jukema, HAP Pols, RL Prince, AL Cupples, CR Marshall, D Pinto, D Sato, SW Scherer, J Reeve, U Thorsteinsdottir, D Karasik, BJ Richards, K Stefansson, AG Uitterlinden, SH Ralston, JPA Ioannidis, DP Kiel, F Rivadeneira, K Estrada. (2014) A genome-wide copy number association study of osteoporotic fractures points to the 6p25.1 locus. J Med Genet 51 (2):122-131.

R Pfister, G Michels, SJ Sharp, R Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2014) Low bone mineral density predicts incident heart failure in men and women: the EPIC ({Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)-Norfolk prospective study. JACC Heart Fail 2 (4):380-389.

K Khaw, R Luben, N Wareham. (2014) Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, mortality, and incident cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, cancers, and fractures: a 13-y prospective population study. Am J Clin Nutr 100 (5):1361-1370.

H Johansson, JA Kanis, A Oden, E McCloskey, RD Chapurlat, C Christiansen, SR Cummings, A Diez-Perez, JA Eisman, S Fujiwara, C Gl{"{u}}er, D Goltzman, D Hans, K Khaw, M Krieg, H Kroger, AZ LaCroix, E Lau, WD Leslie, Dan Mellstrom, rd Melton, TW ONeill, JA Pasco, JC Prior, DM Reid, F Rivadeneira, T van Staa, N Yoshimura, CM Zillikens. (2014) A meta-analysis of the association of fracture risk and body mass index in women. J Bone Miner Res 29 (1):223-233.

S Ahmadi-Abhari, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2013) C-reactive protein and fracture risk: {Europe}an prospective investigation into Cancer Norfolk Study. Bone 56 (1):67-72.

K Estrada, U Styrkarsdottir, E Evangelou, Y Hsu, EL Duncan, EE Ntzani, L Oei, OME Albagha, N Amin, JP Kemp, DL Koller, Guo Li, C Liu, RL Minster, A Moayyeri, L Vandenput, D Willner, S Xiao, LM Yerges-Armstrong, H Zheng, N Alonso, J Eriksson, CM Kammerer, SK Kaptoge, PJ Leo, G Thorleifsson, SG Wilson, JF Wilson, V Aalto, M Alen, AK Aragaki, T Aspelund, JR Center, Zoe Dailiana, DJ Duggan, M Garcia, N Garcia-Giralt, S Giroux, G Hallmans, LJ Hocking, L Husted, KA Jameson, R Khusainova, Ghi Kim, C Kooperberg, T Koromila, M Kruk, M Laaksonen, AZ Lacroix, S Lee, PC Leung, JR Lewis, L Masi, S Mencej-Bedrac, TV Nguyen, X Nogues, MS Patel, J Prezelj, LM Rose, S Scollen, K Siggeirsdottir, AV Smith, O Svensson, S Trompet, O Trummer, NM van Schoor, J Woo, Kun Zhu, S Balcells, M Brandi, BM Buckley, S Cheng, C Christiansen, C Cooper, G Dedoussis, Ian Ford, M Frost, D Goltzman, J Gonzalez-Macias, M Kahonen, M Karlsson, E Khusnutdinova, J Koh, P Kollia, B Langdahl, WD Leslie, P Lips, O Ljunggren, RS Lorenc, J Marc, Dan Mellstrom, B Obermayer-Pietsch, JM Olmos, U Pettersson-Kymmer, DM Reid, JA Riancho, PM Ridker, F Rousseau, EP Slagboom, NLS Tang, R Urreizti, Wim Van Hul, J Viikari, MT Zarrabeitia, YS Aulchenko, M Castano-Betancourt, E Grundberg, L Herrera, T Ingvarsson, H Johannsdottir, T Kwan, Rui Li, R Luben, C Medina-Gomez, S Palsson, S Reppe, JI Rotter, G Sigurdsson, JBJ van Meurs, D Verlaan, FMK Williams, AR Wood, Y Zhou, KM Gautvik, T Pastinen, S Raychaudhuri, JA Cauley, DI Chasman, GR Clark, SR Cummings, P Danoy, EM Dennison, R Eastell, JA Eisman, V Gudnason, A Hofman, RD Jackson, G Jones, WJ Jukema, K Khaw, T Lehtimaki, Y Liu, M Lorentzon, E McCloskey, BD Mitchell, K Nandakumar, GC Nicholson, Ben Oostra, M Peacock, HAP Pols, RL Prince, O Raitakari, Ian Reid, J Robbins, PN Sambrook, P Sham, AR Shuldiner, FA Tylavsky, CM van Duijn, NJ Wareham, AL Cupples, MJ Econs, DM Evans, TB Harris, A Kung, BM Psaty, J Reeve, TD Spector, EA Streeten, CM Zillikens, U Thorsteinsdottir, C Ohlsson, D Karasik, BJ Richards, MA Brown, K Stefansson, AG Uitterlinden, SH Ralston, JPA Ioannidis, DP Kiel, F Rivadeneira. (2012) Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 56~{b}one mineral density loci and reveals 14 loci associated with risk of fracture. Nat Genet 44 (5):491-501.

R Zamora-Ros, V Knaze, L Lujan-Barroso, GGC Kuhnle, AA Mulligan, M Touillaud, N Slimani, I Romieu, N Powell, R Tumino, PHM Peeters, de Magistris, F Ricceri, E Sonestedt, I Drake, A Hjartaaker, G Skie, T Mouw, PA Wark, D Romaguera, H Bueno-de-Mesquita, M Ros, E Molina, S Sieri, JR Quiros, JM Huerta, A Tjonneland, J Halkjaer, G Masala, B Teucher, R Kaas, RC Travis, V Dilis, V Benetou, A Trichopoulou, P Amiano, E Ardanaz, H Boeing, J Forster, F Clavel-Chapelon, G Fagherazzi, F Perquier, G Johansson, I Johansson, A Cassidy, K Overvad, CA Gonzalez. (2012) Dietary intakes and food sources of phytoestrogens in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) 24-hour dietary recall cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr ():.

A Moayyeri, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, KT Khaw. (2012) Body fat mass is a predictor of risk of osteoporotic fractures in women but not in men: a prospective population study. J Intern Med 271 (5):472-480.

V Benetou, P Orfanos, D Zylis, S Sieri, P Contiero, R Tumino, MC Giurdanella, PHM Peeters, J Linseisen, A Nieters, H Boeing, C Weikert, U Pettersson, I Johansson, H Bueno-de-Mesquita, M Dorronsoro, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou. (2011) Diet and hip fractures among elderly {Europe}ans in the EPIC cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr 65 (1):132-139.

GGC Kuhnle, HA Ward, A Vogiatzoglou, RN Luben, A Mulligan, NJ Wareham, NG Forouhi, K Khaw. (2011) Association between dietary phyto-oestrogens and bone density in men and postmenopausal women. Br J Nutr ():1-7.

V Benetou, P Orfanos, IS Benetos, V Pala, A Evangelista, G Frasca, M Giurdanella, PHM Peeters, YT van der Schouw, S Rohrmann, J Linseisen, H Boeing, C Weikert, U Pettersson, B Van Guelpen, Bueno-de-Mesquita Bas, J Altzibar, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou. (2010) Anthropometry, physical activity and hip fractures in the elderly. Injury ():.

A Moayyeri, H Besson, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2010) The association between physical activity in different domains of life and risk of osteoporotic fractures. Bone 47 (3):693-700.

A Moayyeri, SA Bingham, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2009) Respiratory function as a marker of bone health and fracture risk in an older population. J Bone Miner Res 24 (5):956-963.

A Moayyeri, S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, S Bingham, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, J Reeve, K Khaw. (2009) Is QUS or DXA Better for Predicting The 10-year Absolute Risk of Fracture? J Bone Miner Res ():.

A Moayyeri, S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, S Bingham, J Reeve, K Khaw. (2009) The effect of including quantitative heel ultrasound in models for estimation of 10-year absolute risk of fracture. Bone ():.

A Moayyeri, S Kaptoge, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, S Bingham, J Reeve, K Khaw. (2009) Estimation of absolute fracture risk among middle-aged and older men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk population cohort study. Eur J Epidemiol 24 (5):259-266.

M Ashwell, E Stone, J Mathers, S Barnes, J Compston, RM Francis, Tim Key, KD Cashman, C Cooper, K Khaw, S Lanham-New, H Macdonald, Ann Prentice, M Shearer, A Stephen. (2008) Nutrition and bone health projects funded by the UK Food Standards Agency: have they helped to inform public health policy? Br J Nutr 99 (1):198-205.

A Moayyeri, RN Luben, SA Bingham, AA Welch, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2008) Measured height loss predicts fractures in middle-aged and older men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study. J Bone Miner Res 23 (3):425-432.

BL Langdahl, AG Uitterlinden, SH Ralston, TA Trikalinos, S Balcells, M Brandi, S Scollen, P Lips, R Lorenc, B Obermayer-Pietsch, DM Reid, J Armas, PP Arp, A Bassiti, M Bustamante, L Husted, AH Carey, R Cano, H Dobnig, AM Dunning, A Fahrleitner-Pammer, A Falchetti, E Karczmarewicz, M Kruk, JPTM van Leeuwen, L Masi, JBJ van Meurs, Jon Mangion, FEA McGuigan, L Mellibovsky, L Mosekilde, X Nogues, HAP Pols, J Reeve, W Renner, F Rivadeneira, NM van Schoor, JPA Ioannidis, A investigators, D investigators, E investigators, E investigators, F investigators, L investigators, E investigators, G Study. (2008) Large-scale analysis of association between polymorphisms in the transforming growth factor beta 1 gene (TGFB1) and osteoporosis: the GENOMOS study. Bone 42 (5):969-981.

AA Welch, SA Bingham, J Reeve, KT Khaw. (2007) More acidic dietary acid-base load is associated with reduced calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation in women but not in men: results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 85 (4):1134-1141.

S Kaptoge, RW Jakes, N Dalzell, N Wareham, KT Khaw, N Loveridge, TJ Beck, J Reeve. (2007) Effects of physical activity on evolution of proximal femur structure in a younger elderly population. Bone 40 (2):506-515.

S Kaptoge, G Armbrecht, D Felsenberg, M Lunt, K Weber, S Boonen, I Jajic, JJ Stepan, D Banzer, W Reisinger, J Janott, G Kragl, C Scheidt-Nave, B Felsch, C Matthis, HH Raspe, G Lyritis, G Poor, R Nuti, T Miazgowski, K Hoszowski, BJ Armas, LA Vaz, LI Benevolenskaya, P Masaryk, JB Cannata, O Johnell, DM Reid, A Bhalla, AD Woolf, CJ Todd, C Cooper, R Eastell, JA Kanis, TW ONeill, AJ Silman, J Reeve. (2006) Whom to treat? The contribution of vertebral X-rays to risk-based algorithms for fracture prediction. Results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study. Osteoporos Int 17 (9):1369-1381.

C Weikert, D Walter, K Hoffmann, A Kroke, MM Bergmann, H Boeing. (2005) The relation between dietary protein, calcium and bone health in women: results from the EPIC-Potsdam cohort. Ann Nutr Metab 49 (5):312-318.

A Welch, S Bingham, J Camus, N Dalzell, J Reeve, N Day, KT Khaw. (2005) Calcaneum broadband ultrasound attenuation relates to vegetarian and omnivorous diets differently in men and women: an observation from the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer in Norfolk (EPIC-Norfolk) population study. Osteoporos Int 16 (6):590-596.

R Kaaks, S Rinaldi, TJ Key, F Berrino, PHM Peeters, C Biessy, L Dossus, A Lukanova, S Bingham, KT Khaw, NE Allen, H Bueno-de-Mesquita, van Gils, D Grobbee, H Boeing, PH Lahmann, G Nagel, J Chang-Claude, F Clavel-Chapelon, A Fournier, A Thiebaut, CA Gonzalez, JR Quiros, MJ Tormo, E Ardanaz, P Amiano, V Krogh, D Palli, S Panico, R Tumino, P Vineis, A Trichopoulou, V Kalapothaki, D Trichopoulos, P Ferrari, T Norat, R Saracci, E Riboli. (2005) Postmenopausal serum androgens, oestrogens and breast cancer risk: the {Europe}an prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition. Endocr Relat Cancer 12 (4):1071-1082.

S Kaptoge, LI Benevolenskaya, AK Bhalla, JB Cannata, S Boonen, JA Falch, D Felsenberg, JD Finn, R Nuti, K Hoszowski, R Lorenc, T Miazgowski, I Jajic, G Lyritis, P Masaryk, M Naves-Diaz, G Poor, DM Reid, C Scheidt-Nave, JJ Stepan, CJ Todd, K Weber, AD Woolf, DK Roy, M Lunt, SR Pye, TW Oneill, AJ Silman, J Reeve. (2005) Low BMD is less predictive than reported falls for future limb fractures in women across {Europe}: results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study. Bone 36 (3):387-398.

F Ginty, KL Rennie, L Mills, S Stear, S Jones, A Prentice. (2005) Positive, site-specific associations between bone mineral status, fitness, and time spent at high-impact activities in 16- to 18-year-old boys. Bone 36 (1):101-110.

A Welch, J Camus, N Dalzell, S Oakes, J Reeve, KT Khaw. (2004) Broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) of the heel bone and its correlates in men and women in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort: a cross-sectional population-based study. Osteoporos Int 15 (3):217-225.

S Kaptoge, G Armbrecht, D Felsenberg, M Lunt, TW ONeill, AJ Silman, J Reeve, SEPOS Group. (2004) When should the doctor order a spine X-ray? Identifying vertebral fractures for osteoporosis care: results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). J Bone Miner Res 19 (12):1982-1993.

K Khaw, J Reeve, R Luben, S Bingham, A Welch, N Wareham, S Oakes, N Day. (2004) Prediction of total and hip fracture risk in men and women by quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus: EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study. Lancet 363 (9404):197-202.

MM Bergmann, EJ Jacobs, K Hoffmann, H Boeing. (2004) Agreement of self-reported medical history: comparison of an in-person interview with a self-administered questionnaire. Eur J Epidemiol 19 (5):411-416.

L Burns, M Ashwell, J Berry, C Bolton-Smith, A Cassidy, M Dunnigan, K Khaw, H Macdonald, S New, Ann Prentice, J Powell, J Reeve, S Robins, B Teucher. (2003) UK Food Standards Agency Optimal Nutrition Status Workshop: environmental factors that affect bone health throughout life. Br J Nutr 89 (6):835-840.

DK Roy, TW ONeill, JD Finn, M Lunt, AJ Silman, D Felsenberg, G Armbrecht, D Banzer, LI Benevolenskaya, A Bhalla, BJ Armas, JB Cannata, C Cooper, J Dequeker, MN Diaz, R Eastell, OB Yershova, B Felsch, W Gowin, S Havelka, K Hoszowski, AA Ismail, I Jajic, I Janott, O Johnell, JA Kanis, G Kragl, LA Vaz, R Lorenc, G Lyritis, P Masaryk, C Matthis, T Miazgowski, C Gennari, HAP Pols, G Poor, HH Raspe, DM Reid, W Reisinger, C Scheidt-Nave, JJ Stepan, CJ Todd, K Weber, AD Woolf, J Reeve, Prospective European. (2003) Determinants of incident vertebral fracture in men and women: results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). Osteoporos Int 14 (1):19-26.

J Reeve, M Lunt, D Felsenberg, AJ Silman, C Scheidt-Nave, G Poor, C Gennari, K Weber, R Lorenc, P Masaryk, JB Cannata, J Dequeker, DM Reid, HAP Pols, LI Benevolenskaya, JJ Stepan, T Miazgowski, A Bhalla, BJ Armas, R Eastell, A Lopes-Vaz, G Lyritis, I Jajic, AD Woolf, D Banzer, W Reisinger, CJ Todd, B Felsch, S Havelka, K Hoszowski, J Janott, O Johnell, HH Raspe, OB Yershova, JA Kanis, G Armbrecht, JD Finn, W Gowin, TW ONeill, Prospective European. (2003) Determinants of the size of incident vertebral deformities in {Europe}an men and women in the sixth to ninth decades of age: the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). J Bone Miner Res 18 (9):1664-1673.

M Lunt, TW ONeill, D Felsenberg, J Reeve, JA Kanis, C Cooper, AJ Silman, Prospective European. (2003) Characteristics of a prevalent vertebral deformity predict subsequent vertebral fracture: results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). Bone 33 (4):505-513.

S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, RW Jakes, N Wareham, NE Day, KT Khaw, TJ Beck, N Loveridge, J Reeve. (2003) Hip section modulus, a measure of bending resistance, is more strongly related to reported physical activity than BMD. Osteoporos Int 14 (11):941-949.

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